The springbuck habitat is in the south-east of Africa: South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana. They can survive in most areas but are suited to dryer, semi-dessert areas like Karoo and Kalahari.
Their diet is grass and leafs and they need only a small amount of water. They are the most common of buck and their numbers are in the 100,000s. The springbuck is a smaller buck around 30 kgs but very nimble. As they are a natural part of the environment, farmers prefer to keep springbuck instead of lamb because they also do less harm to the land.
The head is white with a brown band through the eyes which runs from the cheeks to the tip of the nose. The overall coloring is reddish-brown with a darker strip separating the back from the white underside. On the top of the hindquarters there is a fold of skin, which is evident when the springbuck is excited or alarmed. In such moments a conspicuous crest of long bristly white hairs appears.
The horns are relatively short, powerful, markedly ringed, and average 35cm long. The female’s horns are lighter and shorter. The springbuck grows about 1.5 m in length, 9 m in height, and can weigh on average 36 kgs.
This gregarious antelope lives in mixed groups which split during the breeding season into separate herds of females and young males. Many adult males remain alone. Before their numbers were drastically reduced, huge herds of springbuck used to make impressive migratory journeys, following the seasonal food supply, and damaging the country as they passed through. In some parts of the range these migrations still occur. It feeds on grass, leaves and shoots, and can go for long periods without water.
They mate in May and about six months later a single young is born.